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HP0-M98 exam Dumps Source : Advanced Scripting using QTP 11 Software
Test Code : HP0-M98
Test Name : Advanced Scripting using QTP 11 Software
Vendor Name : HP
Q&A : 160 Real Questions
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HP Advanced Scripting using QTP
Selenium is without doubt one of the most established equipment used for automating web functions. it is an open source device used for the execution of check scripts or check situations on web functions.
Selenium is also platform unbiased. The code or framework, developed the usage of C#/Java, may also be achieved on distinct platforms/operating techniques like windows OS, Mac OS, and Linux.
Selenium is a library which contains courses, strategies, interfaces, and so on., which may also be used and built-in with the a variety of programming languages mentioned above.
For the above reasons, most exact groups prefer Selenium as opposed to the usage of quick verify professional (QTP) or CodedUI, that are each licensed models.
Selenium helps numerous browsers reminiscent of Google Chrome, facet Browser (windows 10), Firefox Browser, internet Explorer, Safari, and so on. each and every browser has its own driver for executing test scripts on their browsers; as an instance, to execute Selenium scripts on Chrome, we now have Chromedrivers. web Explorer (IE) driver and GoogleChrome driver aid each 32-bit and 64-bit types, which we will down load and use in keeping with our equipment requirements.
In past versions like Selenium 1.0 and Selenium 2.0, we weren't required to installation Firefox drivers to execute scripts on the Firefox Browser. by means of default, Selenium has assist for Firefox. In Selenium 3.0, the entire vendors like Google, Apple, Microsoft, and Firefox have their personal drivers to work with Selenium.
Selenium Webdriver and Selenium Grid
Later, Paul Hammant joined his crew and developed the different edition of Selenium, Selenium RC. This tool became open-source to work with the distinctive browsers and platforms. Simon Stewart at ThoughtWorks developed an automation tool for the browser called Webdriver, and later, they merged Selenium RC with Webdriver to create Selenium Webdriver (Selenium 2.0).
Philippe Hanrigou at ThoughtWorks developed Selenium Grid in 2008. Selenium Grid is used for configuring single hub and dissimilar nodes. The existing hub is in a position to running distinct check circumstances on client machines in addition to faraway machines, which reduces the time in addition to components.
at last, Selenium 3.0 turned into developed this 12 months, with new elements. it is a mix of Selenium 2.0 and Selenium 1.0, which potential it helps Selenium 2.0 points nonetheless it doesn’t have support for Selenium 1.0, i.e. Selenium Core. Please check with my article to be trained extra about Selenium three.0.
When Selenium turned into in development, one of the crucial commonplace checking out tools became referred to as QTP (quick verify skilled), was developed by way of Mercury Interactive earlier than it became acquired with the aid of HP. QTP was Selenium's competitor they have got named their product based on the element selenium. As we recognize the chemical factor term Selenium (Se) is able to poisioning/detoxifying Mercury. so the time period or the product turned into named Selenium.
This turned into a brief introduction about Selenium, allow us to look into a considerable number of add-ons of Selenium.
refer to these hyperlinks to gain knowledge of greater about Selenium.
accessories of Selenium
Selenium IDE is also referred to as an built-in building ambiance, which is a GUI primarily based software. It helps Edit, list, and debugging features, also referred to as record/Replay or record/Playback. it is a Firefox Add-on/Extension which works simplest in the older version of the Firefox browser. we will navigate to Firefox Add-on/Firefox Extensions within the Firefox browser and search for "Selenium IDE" and set up it.
In Selenium IDE, the execution of examine cases is terribly gradual, and the file generation step for the examine circumstances is not respectable as in comparison with other add-ons. It doesn't assist execution of verify instances in parallel or faraway execution. The Selenium IDE has Command and goal textboxes, and commands are used for moves like clicking; type on a particular control and goal to specify the handle properties.
Export is used to export the Selenese scripting to C#, Java, Hypertext Preprocessor, etc.
as it doesn't aid any programming languages, we cannot apply any common sense or circumstances to the check circumstances. refer to these hyperlinks for the installing system:
The drawbacks of Selenium IDE:
The check circumstances can also be done in barely within the Firefox browser.
The execution of test instances is awfully sluggish and the record technology step isn't respectable when in comparison with different add-ons.
It doesn't assist cellular-based mostly trying out like iPhone/Android testing.
It doesn't guide parallel/faraway execution of test instances.
It doesn't aid logical/conditional statements because it is handy to make use of without any programming languages.
It would not support any complicated eventualities/test scripts/check circumstances.
to conquer the above issues, we have a further part of Selenium: Selenium RC.
Selenium RC is often known as Selenium faraway handle. as the beginning edition of Selenium, it does not have any GUI interface; somewhat, it consists of libraries or APIs which consist of a lot of courses, methods, and interfaces which might be used with various programming languages like C#, Java, Hypertext Preprocessor, and Perl. it is in line with object-oriented programming concepts.
As Selenium RC became developed the usage of Java, it's counseled to make use of with Java, as it helps language independence so that they can integrate Selenium RC with different languages like C# as neatly.
in contrast to Selenium IDE, the execution of look at various situations can be achieved simplest in the Firefox browser. Selenium RC is the advanced version of Selenium IDE, which means that you can execute the check cases or look at various scripts in a variety of browsers like Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari, and Opera. Selenium RC supports language independence, which potential we can combine Selenium RC with any of the above languages like C#, Java, and personal home page. It also supports platform independence which potential the scripts/code written using C#/Java may also be completed in various structures like home windows OS, Mac OS, and Linux.
some other facets of Selenium RC:
It would not aid mobile testing like iPhone or Android.
it's in line with a consumer/server architecture, which potential each time we want to execute the check cases/look at various scripts, we deserve to beginning the server manually.
It supports parallel execution of test circumstances as well as remote execution with the aid of Selenium Grid.
The downside of Selenium RC is that on every occasion we want to execute look at various cases, we deserve to start the server or Selenium server manually. The code does not have interaction without delay with the browser; the mediator is required. to overcome this issue, we now have one more version of Selenium: Selenium Webdriver.
to conquer the above issue with Selenium RC, Webdriver turned into developed. Webdriver is a combination of Selenium RC and Webdriver. Selenium Webdriver does not require starting the server/Selenium server to execute test circumstances.
It helps programming languages like C#, Java, Hypertext Preprocessor, Perl, and Python and a lot of structures to execute look at various instances, like windows OS, Mac OS, and Linux. It supports parallel in addition to far flung execution.
unlike Selenium RC which requires Selenium Server as a mediator to beginning for the execution of examine situations, Selenium Webdriver doesn't deserve to birth the server, which interacts without delay with the net browser to execute the test instances.
it's a library/API which includes a number of strategies/courses/interfaces to use with a variety of programming languages like C#, Java, or Python.
each browser has its own drivers:
To execute a check case in Chrome, we have Chromedriver.
To execute a check case in Firefox, we've Geckodriver.
To execute a verify case in Safari, we've Safaridriver.
To execute a check case in information superhighway Explorer, we've IEdriver.
To execute a verify case in Opera, we have Operadriver.
It additionally supports execution of look at various cases with the ajax primarily based utility. The above drivers can also be downloaded from Selenium HQ.
Selenium Webdriver helps execution with cellular-primarily based checking out like Selendroid or Appium.
it is a device which is used for the execution of parallel in addition to remote execution by using Selenium RC or Selenium Webdriver.
For the execution of check situations in far off machines related over LAN networks, we should configure a hub and node. The hub acts as a mediator or like a server and assorted nodes are configured to a hub.
If we need to execute the test circumstances, say 6 distinct check instances with 3 different nodes related to a hub, then the hub's responsibility is to distribute the six different check situations among three different nodes which can be connected to a hub.
If Chrome, Firefox, and Opera are related to a hub then two cases can be finished in Chrome, two in Firefox, and two in Opera. With the help of parallel as well as far flung execution, the verify instances will be carried out in a number of machines which might be related by the use of LAN community which saves a lot of time and human supplies.
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DALLAS--(business WIRE)--Worksoft®, a leading international provider of automation utility for high-velocity company technique discovery and checking out, nowadays launched the Worksoft UFT replacement program, a new offering enabling purchasers to right now and simply convert HP Unified functional trying out (UFT) scripts into end-to-end Worksoft company technique exams. using Worksoft Analyze®, latest libraries of SAP-primarily based UFT (formerly QTP) unit check scripts are immediately captured and transformed into conclusion-to-conclusion business system flows and Worksoft Certify® tests with comprehensive enterprise manner documentation.
“The Worksoft UFT replacement software helps company users cut back the variety of SAP examine assets by means of as much as eighty percent and consolidate trying out into one really unified functional trying out journey. this saves prices from utility maintenance fees, labor, and verify preservation,” referred to rich Woll, vice chairman, client capabilities, Worksoft. “With minimal time and effort, clients can dispose of duplicate tests and cut back costs, all whereas significantly improving business method verify coverage,” he said.
With a consolidated, cohesive trying out framework, valued clientele retailer fees through redeploying programmers outside of checking out and cutting back the number of SAP examine property required to achieve the same stage of coverage. Worksoft ensures newly generated conclusion-to-end company manner tests are authentic, resilient and repeatable.
The Worksoft UFT substitute application supports SAP purposes and works with Worksoft Analyze and Worksoft Certify automated enterprise system discovery and trying out application. The program is also useful for system integrators in the hunt for to assist giant companies in the reduction of prices, mitigate chance, get rid of redundant checking out structures, pressure effectivity and enhance practical testing coverage.
Worksoft helps colossal organizations obtain the business’s highest levels of automation, driving can charge mark downs, workforce effectivity, and first-rate assurance throughout commercial enterprise systems. Worksoft Analyze empowers the commercial enterprise with the means to find, visualize and analyze from a enterprise procedure perspective. by way of focusing on enterprise processes, Worksoft Analyze gives both enterprise and IT with a typical framework for communication and collaboration. Worksoft practical examine automation application helps the world’s largest brands consider their real-time company methods quickly, and make sure they continue to work when commercial enterprise purposes exchange.
About Worksoft Inc.
Worksoft® is a leading international provider of automation application for prime-pace business manner discovery and checking out. enterprises worldwide use Worksoft intelligent automation to innovate sooner, lessen technology possibility, in the reduction of expenses, enrich first-class, and deeply bear in mind their precise end-to-conclusion enterprise tactics. international 5000 corporations throughout all industries select Worksoft for high velocity method discovery and practical checking out of digital, web, cloud, mobile, large statistics, and dozens of business purposes, together with SAP®, Oracle, and Salesforce.com.
For extra assistance, contact Worksoft at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.worksoft.com.
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Advanced Scripting using QTP 11 Software
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When we talk about automation testing, Selenium always finds its way to the conversation. Being one of the best tools for automation testing, Selenium is well loved by developers and testers across the globe. But the question that remains is that there are many automation testing tools available in the market that delivers almost the same results. So, why only Selenium?
Well, this is something that we are going to discuss in detail in the article. By the end of the article, you will be able to list out all the benefits of performing automation testing using Selenium and why is it preferred over other automation testing tools.
What is Selenium?
Before we delve deep in the benefits of let us first understand what Selenium is and why it is used.
Well, Selenium is an open-source automation testing tool which is used for automating tests carried out on different web-browsers.
It has a suite of tools which caters to different needs of organizations. It basically has four different tools:
Selenium RC (which is now deprecated)
Selenium IDE (Selenium Integrated Development Environment)
Currently, Selenium WebDriver and Grid are merged into one and this is what we’ll be talking about in this article.
Why is Selenium Used?
Selenium is basically used to automate the testing across various web browsers. It supports various browsers like Chrome, Mozilla, Firefox, Safari, and IE, and you can very easily automate browser testing across these browsers using Selenium WebDriver.
You can see live automated tests being performed on your computer screen. But the question that we’ll be answering in this article still stands as there are many tools available for automation testing.
Let’s see what Selenium has to offer us to win this game.
Advantages of Using Selenium for Automated Testing
1. Language and Framework Support
When someone chooses a tool the first thing that comes to mind is: "Does my tool supports the language that I know?"
You can write your scripts in any of these programming languages and Selenium converts it into Selenium compatible codes in no time. So, there is no need for knowing Selenium only languages. Also, every Selenium supported language has dedicated frameworks which help in writing test script for Selenium test automation. So, when you go for Selenium as a tool for performing automation testing, you don’t have to worry about language and framework support as Selenium does that for you!
2. Open Source Availability
One of the many things that adds to the advantages of Selenium is its open source availability. So, being an open source tool, Selenium is a publicly accessible automation framework and is free, with no upfront costs. So, you can save bucks here and use them for other good causes.
The Selenium community is continuously helping developers and software engineers in automating the web browser features and functionalities. Selenium being open source also helps you customize the code for better code management and enhance the functionality of predefined functions and classes. Selenium has become the most reliable web automation tool because of the ease of generating test scripts to validate functionality.
3. Multi-Browser Support
“One Selenium script for all browsers” is what Selenium community have been working on and improvising every day. As per StatCounter, Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Edge browsers are the most used browsers worldwide and Selenium script is compatible with all the mentioned browsers. You don’t need to rewrite scripts for every browser, just one script for all browsers.
4. Support Across Various Operating Systems
Different people use different operating systems and it is necessary that your automation tool supports all of them. Selenium is yet a highly portable tool that supports and can work across different operating systems like Windows, Linux, Mac OS, UNIX, etc.
You can create Selenium test suites over any platform like Windows and can execute the same test suite on another platform, for example, Mac or Linux. This enables developers and software testers to easily write test automation scripts without laying much emphasis on the platform on which it will run.
5. Ease Of Implementation
Selenium automation framework is very easy-to-use tool. Selenium provides a user-friendly interface that helps create and execute test scripts easily and effectively. You can also watch while tests are running. You can analyze detailed reports of Selenium tests and take follow-up actions.
And finally, you will never feel alone. A huge Selenium community is always available to help you in case of need. You can ask your queries and perform brainstorming in the community.
6. Reusability and Integrations
As mentioned earlier, Selenium automation test suites are reusable and can be tested across multiple browsers and operating systems. However, the twist is if that Selenium is not an all-inclusive web automation testing tool. Hence, it needs third-party frameworks and add-ons to broaden the scope of testing.
For example, you need to integrate Selenium with TestNG and JUnit for managing test cases and generating reports. For achieving continuous testing, you’ll need to integrate it with some CI/CD tools like Jenkins, Maven, and Docker. Also, for performing image-based testing, you need to integrate Selenium with tools like Sikuli, and for performing cross-browser testing with cloud-grid such as LambdaTest. You can integrate Selenium with almost all management tools.
Test management is what which is very important in testing lifecycle. It becomes easier and more efficient with Selenium features like regrouping and refactoring of test cases. This helps developers and testers in quick changes to the code, reducing duplication, minimizing complications and improving maintainability. These features make Selenium more flexible and usable as compared to other automation testing tools and hence helps Selenium to keep an edge.
8. Parallel Test Execution and Faster Go-to-Market
The main aim of automated testing is to save time and efforts. With the help of Selenium Grid, we can execute multiple tests in parallel, hence reducing the test execution time. With the help of cloud-grids for cross-browser testing you can test across as many as hundreds of browsers in parallel using Selenium hence saving you time in multiples of hundreds.
9. Less Hardware Usage
If you compare Selenium with other vendor focused automation tools like QTP, UFT, SilkTest, you will find that Selenium requires less hardware as compared to other testing tools.
10. Easy to Learn and Use
Selenium scripts are not something like writing hundred-page complex algorithm. Writing Selenium scripts is not more than writing a few pieces of codes to automate functionalities of your website. Also, documentation on the Selenium website is very helpful for developer and testers to start with Selenium automation testing. With the radically growing community, Selenium tutorials, testing, and development support is just a Google search away.
Also with Selenium IDE extension on Firefox browser, you can use record and play functionality to generate Selenium scripts for future reference.
11. Constant Updates
As Selenium is supported by a community and we all know that an active community doesn’t like to stay stagnant, the Selenium community is also constantly releasing constant updates and upgrades. The best part about having a community is that these upgrades are readily available and easy to understand hence you do not need any specific training. This makes Selenium resourceful as compared to other tools and cost-effective as well.
We all know we are very selective when it comes to selecting anything from a lot of options. When it comes to selecting a tool we become even much more selective, hence you can take your chance here. When you perform automation testing, you’ll find a variety of tools to help you. But why choose Selenium? Well, I must say, decide for yourself?
A security company that adorns its entry-level antivirus product with plentiful bonus features must take care to fatten up the security suite with even more goodies. That's no problem for Trend Micro Internet Security. Over and above the bounty of features in the company's standalone antivirus, this suite adds parental control, secure file deletion, PC optimization, a social media privacy check, and more. The components aren't all top-of-the-line—parental control, in particular, is weak—but it's an excellent suite overall.
Trend Micro Internet Security lists at $79.95 per year for three licenses, roughly the same as Bitdefender Internet Security and Kaspersky. However, Trend Micro lacks the pricing flexibility exhibited by most competitors. If you want more than three licenses, you must upgrade to Trend Micro Maximum Security, which comes in five- and ten-license subscriptions for $89.95 and $99.95 respectively. Bitdefender's $79.99 for three licenses goes up to $84.99 for five and $89.99 for ten—that ten-pack is quite a deal. With Kaspersky, $89.99 gets you five licenses. For about the same price, you can install McAfee protection on every device in your household, including devices running Windows, macOS, Android, and iOS.
A big, round Scan button dominates the center of Trend Micro's unusual main window, while four icons across the top represent four security areas: Device, Privacy, Data, and Family. Pointing at one of those icons lights it up; clicking brings up a page of relevant features. Except for the product name at top left, the main window looks just like Trend Micro's basic antivirus.
Shared Antivirus Abilities
To understand the core features of this suite, you should start by reading my review of Trend Micro Antivirus+ Security. I'll summarize my findings here.
Lab Test Results Chart Malware Protection Results Chart Phishing Protection Results Chart
Trend Micro takes good scores from the independent testing labs, for the most part. Like Kaspersky and several others, it earned 17.5 of 18 possible points from AV-Test Institute. It's among the half-dozen products that received AAA certification (the best of five levels) from SE Labs. In three tests by AV-Comparatives, Trend Micro took two Advanced ratings and one Advanced+. Its only bad mark involved failing the banking Trojans test from MRG-Effitas. To be fair, about half of tested products failed that one.
Trend Micro's aggregate lab score, based on results from all four labs that I follow, is 9.2 points, which is pretty good. Kaspersky Internet Security and Avira, also tested by four labs, scored 9.6 and 9.9 respectively. Leading the pack, though with scores from just three of the four, is Bitdefender, with a perfect aggregate score of 10 points.
In contrast to its mostly good scores from the independent labs, Trend Micro took a very poor score in my own hands-on malware protection test. With 7.9 of 10 possible points, it's near the bottom. Tested with the same set of samples, G Data scored 9.5 points and Webroot SecureAnywhere Internet Security Plus managed a perfect 10. As always, when my results and lab results don't align, I give more weight to the labs.
Challenged to protect a test system against malware-hosting URLs collected in the last couple days, Trend Micro redeemed its poor malware protection score. It joins Symantec Norton Security Premium and Bitdefender at the top score for this test, 99 percent protection. In almost every case, Trend Micro kept the browser from even coming near the dangerous page.
Trend Micro also did a bang-up job detecting phishing sites—fraudulent websites that try to dupe visitors into giving away their passwords. Like Bitdefender, Trend Micro identified 99 percent of the frauds, steering the browser away to a warning page. Only Kaspersky and McAfee Internet Security beat that score, with 100 percent protection.
McAfee's macOS edition scored exactly the same when tested alongside the PC version. On both Mac and PC, Webroot scored 97 percent. Surprisingly, Trend Micro Antivirus for Mac, tested at the same time, with the same phishing samples, only scored 64 percent.
Other Shared Features
Ransomware is a growing threat, and Trend Micro offers multiple layers of ransomware protection. The Folder Shield component prevents unauthorized programs from making any changes in protected folders and on USB drives. Since my last review, it has added the ability to protect files for multiple users. A behavior monitor looks for suggestions of ransomware activity in programs that made it past the real-time antivirus. And just in case a ransomware attack does some damage before the behavior monitor terminates it, Trend Micro maintains a secure backup of files residing in the protected folders. Note that when I tested Trend Micro Ransom Buster, a free, separate product that doesn't include real-time antivirus, its behavior-based detection didn't perform very well.
New since my last review, the Pay Guard component launches a hardened version of your default browser, to protect your online financial transactions. Much like the similar feature in Bitdefender, Kaspersky, and others, it isolates the browser from all meddling by other processes. Unlike the rest, it does not automatically offer protection when it sees you visiting a financial site in a non-hardened browser.
Like the gaming mode found in many suites, this product's Mute Mode suppresses security notifications and other interruptions. It doesn't engage automatically when you go full-screen, the way many others do, but you can set it to suppress Windows Update notifications, and even configure it to automatically kill specified programs you when you turn it on. Mute Mode ends automatically after two hours, or a user-specified timeout, or when you manually disable it.
The Trend Micro Toolbar browser extension marks up links in Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Microsoft Edge. All links on social media sites, webmail sites, and search results pages get a green, yellow, or red highlight, for safe, iffy, or dangerous. It can also rate any link on any page when you hover over it with the mouse.
Trend Micro relies on Windows Firewall to take care of basic network protection. It doesn't provide the program control system that augments the firewall in many competing products. However, its firewall booster attempts to prevent botnet attacks and other network threats, and warn if you connect to an unsecured Wi-Fi hotspot. There's also a spam filter, but since it strictly and only works with Microsoft Outlook, its application is limited.
See How We Test Security Software
Protect More Devices, Macs Included
A little while after installation, the suite pops up a reminder that you can protect more devices using your available licenses. Of course, you can take the initiative and click Protect Another Device on the main window at any time. Looking at the Trend Micro website, you'd think that this product is Windows-only, but in fact you can use your licenses on macOS devices as well.
You don't get all of this suite's features on the Mac, though it does offer features beyond antivirus basics. If you have licenses left over, go ahead and use them to install Trend Micro Antivirus for Mac. Just be aware that using them on Windows boxes is more cost effective.
Folder Shield on the Mac works just as it does on the PC, though other ransomware layers aren't present. Other bonus features exhibit some limitations. Parental control consists solely of content filtering, and it can't handle HTTPS at all. The social network privacy feature didn't manage to check Facebook. And a new webcam privacy monitor proved so limited as to be nearly useless. You can read my review for a full analysis of the Mac product.
When you click the Device icon in the main window, it leads you to a page on which you'll find something new. The PC Health Checkup aims to optimize system performance, in several ways.
On my test system, the checkup ran quickly but didn't find much to improve. It reported no startup programs slowing the boot process, no junk files wasting space, and no personal data exposed in browser files and such. The only thing it came up with was a reminder to turn on Windows Firewall. My Trend Micro contacts explained that the optimizer doesn't worry about junk files unless they take up enough space that cleaning them up would make a noticeable difference.
After you let the optimizer make any necessary improvements, it offers to find duplicate files and make optional improvements. There's no big benefit to cleaning up small dupes; by default, Trend Micro only looks at files at least 1MB in size. You can tweak that size higher, but not lower. I created a pair of identical 3MB text files in the Documents folder and launched the scan, which quickly found…nothing. My contact explained that the duplicate finder works only with specific file types, not including text files. Repeating the test with RTF files I found it worked just fine.
You can also actively clean up privacy data in four categories, Web Browsers, Instant Messengers, Microsoft Office & Windows, and Media Players. Under Web Browsers, it showed only Internet Explorer; when I clicked to clean it reported no privacy data. In fact, it didn't seem to find any exposed privacy data for any of the specific programs.
It turns out this was a problem of messaging. After a scan, Trend Micro clearly says, "No web browsers on this computer have stored any data that could put your privacy at risk." To me, that meant it didn't find anything to clean. What it means to say is that it did the job, and now, after cleanup, no private data is exposed. I verified that things like history lists in the browser and recently used file lists in Windows really did get cleared up.
This kind of junk and privacy cleanup is a common suite feature. Finding duplicate files is less common, though TotalAV and Avira Prime include it. But all the competing products I've seen give you a clearer idea of what they're doing than Trend Micro. Some go so far as to list all the changed they intend to make, others report what they did ex post facto. The Trend Micro scanner needs to toot its own horn more, so users will appreciate it.
Social Media Privacy Scanner
Like Trend Micro's Mac antivirus, this suite includes a social media privacy scanner, invoked from the main app's Privacy page or from the browser toolbar's menu. You log in to your Facebook, Twitter, Google+, and LinkedIn accounts to get a report on any privacy-related configuration problems. On Windows, it also checks privacy settings in popular browsers.
I signed in to each of the four networks, with mixed results. It didn't report any problems on LinkedIn or the soon-defunct Google+, but for Facebook it just displayed an apology, citing "recent changes." As for Twitter, it offered bad advice. I tweet all my articles, because I want people to find my Twitter feed and see those tweets. And when I'm covering an event, I want my tweets to include the location. But the scanner advised me to disable location, disable finding my account, and set my tweets to be hidden from the general public. Think twice before taking such advice.
As for browser privacy, the scanner did a little better. I keep Internet Explorer's SmartScreen Filter turned off, so it doesn't interfere with testing; the scanner advised turning it on. For Chrome, it advised disabling capture of passwords (I thought I did that, but nope!) and automatically sending the Do Not Track header with all web traffic. And for Firefox, once again it advised enabling the Do Not Track header.
Parental Control Easily Foiled
For parents who want some control over and insight into their children's online activities, Trend Micro offers a simple parental control system. It lets parents set a schedule for online time, prevent access to inappropriate websites, and impose time limits on specific programs, and also offers detailed reports on each child's activities.
As soon as you enable parental controls, you must define a password to protect the suite's settings. That makes sense; you don't want the kids just turning protection off. With that task complete, a wizard walks you through setting up this feature. You can configure it separately for each Windows user account or apply one configuration globally. If you choose the former, the wizard lists all user accounts and lets you identify those belonging to the kids. You can also set a nickname and photo for each child.
First up is the content filter. Trend Micro can block access to sites matching more than 30 categories, arranged in four groups. When you select an age range, it automatically configures an appropriate collection of blocked categories. Naturally you can customize if you wish, but never unblock the Proxy Avoidance and Anonymizers category, as doing so would allow a clever child to totally evade the content filter.
Cautious parents can choose to block any site that Trend Micro hasn't yet analyzed. There's also an option to filter out inappropriate images; more about that shortly.
Moving on, you define limits on when and for how long the kids can go online. By default, you define allowed and blocked times by dragging with the mouse on a grid of days and hours. If that seems complex, you can switch to a simple schedule for weekdays and one for weekends. You can also set a daily limit for online time, separately for weekdays and weekends.
There are times when you want the kids using their computers, say, for homework, but need to keep them focused. The Program Controls feature lets you schedule access to games and other distractions. When you add a program to the list, it starts off totally blocked. Using a week/hour grid you can set times to allow access.
I configured the parental control system and logged in to a child's account I set up for a quick check. The content filter blocked every inappropriate site I tried, including secure (HTTPS) porn sites and secure anonymizing proxies. It displayed an Off Limits warning in the browser, identified the content category involved, and offered a link to request access.
Using a totally off-brand browser (one that I wrote myself) I verified that basic content filtering is browser-independent. However, instead of a warning message, I got a mostly blank screen. I also found that the content filter did not handle HTTPS sites in this oddball browser. A clever teen could combine an off-brand browser with a secure anonymizing proxy to totally evade content filtering and monitoring.
It gets worse. It turns out that foiling Trend Micro doesn't require the programming skill to hand-code a one-off browser. Trend Micro's handling of HTTPS pages doesn't even extend to Opera! This content filter is porous. Its also not as flexible as what you get in Bitdefender and Kaspersky. With these two products, the filter parses each page's content, so they can, for example, allow access to a short-story website while blocking erotica. In testing, Trend Micro simply blocked the whole site, or allowed everything, including some truly perverse stories.
In the distant past I've encountered parental control systems solely devoted to suppressing naughty images, but not recently. Trend Micro's Image Filtering hasn't changed since my previous review, which means it doesn't work very well. When I searched for pictures of naked women, the images all showed up, for a moment, after which Trend Micro covered them. However, it didn't cover every image. Clicking on a missed image brought up the preview, at which point I could arrow left and right to see all the other pictures. In addition, this feature didn't block anything at all in my hand-coded browser, or in Opera.
To check the time-scheduler, I set it to block access for the entire day. Trying to use the browser just triggered a "No Web Surfing Allowed" warning. I changed the system date to another day, one without limitations. The scheduler wasn't fooled.
Going back into parental control configuration, I gave the program control feature a whirl. My test systems don't have any games, so I set it to block Firefox. I managed to launch Firefox from the child account, but immediately got an out-of-time warning. After a short while, Firefox vanished. When I tried again, it didn't launch at all, and a popup warned that the program was blocked. Making a renamed copy of the program didn't fool the system; it still blocked access.
Back in the grownup user account, I checked out the parental control report. To my surprise, it reported zero websites blocked, with no information as to the top blocked sites and categories. Clicking for more details belied this initial report, listing dozens of blocked sites with the user name and a date/time stamp for each. After an hour or so, the summary data finally appeared.
Clicking icons on this suite's main window takes you to four secondary pages: Device, Privacy, Data, and Family. Family is the parental control system, of course, and the other three pages add features not found in the standalone antivirus. I've already mentioned the PC Health Checkup on the Device page and the Privacy Scanner on the Privacy page, but these aren't the only bonus features.
On the Privacy page, you can enable Data Theft Prevention, which protects your personal data from being exfiltrated by spyware or revealed accidentally by your kids. Enabling this feature requires you to protect your settings with a password, if you haven't already done so for parental control.
Initially, the configuration page offers to save a credit card, advising you to use any seven consecutive digits rather than typing the whole thing. You can add any number of data items, which Trend Micro calls categories. For security, Trend Micro stores the data you enter in encrypted form and never displays it. You can't even edit an existing item—to make a change you need to create a new data item and delete the old one. Settings are global, not per-user, so with this feature configured correctly your kids can't give away too much information in IM, email, or web forms. Any data-stealing Trojan will hit the wall if it tries to send your private data to its secret headquarters.
Many security suites offer some form of encryption to protect your sensitive files. And many of those fail to provide a means for securely deleting the plaintext originals of those files. Trend Micro flips that model on its head, offering secure deletion without encryption in this suite. The Secure Erase feature, found on the Data page, enables a right-click option to overwrite files and folders before deletion, thereby foiling attempts at forensic recovery. You can choose a one-pass Quick Erase, which should foil almost any recovery attempt, or a seven-pass Permanent Erase that's completely irreversible. Unless you're the subject of a government investigation, the lengthy Permanent Erase is probably overkill.
The Data page also boasts a button that launches a free trial of Trend Micro Password Manager, something you can get without ever installing this suite. Note, though, that the best password managers, even the free ones, are vastly more effective than this very basic utility.
Tiny Performance Impact
If users perceive that security is costing them performance, they're likely to turn off said security. Fortunately, most modern security suites are designed to avoid gobbling resources or putting a drag on ordinary use of the computer. In my hands-on performance tests, Trend Micro proved to have a light touch.
My boot-time test measures the time from the beginning of the boot process until ten seconds have passed with no more than five percent CPU usage. Averaging multiple runs before and after installing Trend Micro, I didn't observe any impact on boot time.
Performance Results Chart
You probably reboot once a day, at most, but you're working with files all day. To check whether the watchful eye of real-time antivirus protection puts a drag on file operations, I use a script that moves and copies an eclectic collection of files between drives. Another script zips and unzips that same file collection repeatedly. As with the boot time test, I average multiple runs with and without the suite to see the impact on performance.
The file move and copy test took 11 percent longer with Trend Micro installed, and the zip and unzip test ran 6 percent longer. That's not a lot. However, several other products have demonstrated no drag at all in all three tests, among them adaware, Bitdefender, and Webroot. ESET Internet Security and G Data actually seemed to speed up some of the tests. In any case, you're not likely to perceive any slowdown based on Trend Micro's activities.
A Good Choice for the Right User
Trend Micro Internet Security earned good scores in almost all the independent lab tests, and it also aced our hands-on phishing protection and malicious URL blocking tests. It offers a broad spectrum of security tools, among them parental control, spam filtering, secure deletion, a hardened browser, and system optimization. Not all of the components are top-notch, though. Parental control is porous, and spam filtering only works with Microsoft Outlook, for example. But if this suite's strong points line up with your needs, it can be a fine choice.
Bitdefender Internet Security and Kaspersky Internet Security also offer a wide variety of security features, and they all work well. Both include intelligent firewall protection and effective parental control, and both get excellent scores from the labs. These two are our Editors' Choice picks for entry-level security suite.
Trend Micro Internet Security
Bottom Line: Trend Micro Internet Security adds many useful components to the already rich feature set of Trend Micro Antivirus+ Security. If its strengths match your needs, it can be a winner.
Apple's purge of external GPU enclosures using Thunderbolt and Thunderbolt 2 from macOS High Sierra 10.13.4 has prompted action from the eGPU community, resulting in the creation of scripts that add the compatibility back, plus another that allow for Nvidia card use instead of being limited to AMD cards.
In the fifth beta for High Sierra 10.13.4 out a few weeks before the March release of macOS High Sierra 10.13.4, Apple made changes to how the operating system handled eGPU enclosures using Thunderbolt 3 connections. While it made positive changes, including faster connection and disconnection of external Thunderbolt 3 GPU enclosures, it also removed the ability for Thunderbolt 2 enclosures to use the technology at all.
At the time, it was unclear if it was a permanent or temporary removal, but there was no further change of support by the time of the macOS update's public release. If permanent, this would effectively limit the eGPU compatibility to the 2016 and 2017 MacBook Pro and the 2017 line of iMacs, including the iMac Pro, leaving earlier hardware without Thunderbolt 3 ports unable to use the facility.
A script published to the eGPU.io community forums called "PurgeWrangler" aims to reverse the issue, reenabling support for Mac systems equipped with Thunderbolt 1 and Thunderbolt 2 ports, running macOS 10.13.4. The script "overrides" the Apple-produced block, according to its description, and brings back support for older Thunderbolt ports "without feature compromise."
Created by forum member "mac_editor," the script was first published on April 5 and has been released in version 2.0.0 on early Wednesday, with the major milestone number used to indicate considerable additions made to the code base. The latest release is claimed to have an improved console output structure, backup system, patch checking, advanced third-party developer integration options, and System Integrity Protection checks.
During early testing, other forum users claim it to have worked on a number of eGPUs and older Mac models, including the 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014 models of MacBook Pro, late 2013 Mac Pro, a Mac mini 2012 with a Sonnet Breakaway Box, and other variants. Posts also indicate that, while promising, initial versions of the script didn't always work, for varying reasons. Graphics card compatibility and the length and quality of the Thunderbolt cable used appear to have an impact on how successful the script is for its users.
While support for AMD-based GPUs is included in the script with no further action required by users, due to Apple's support for many Radeon graphics cards, it does not directly support Nvidia GPUs. It is noted that it is possible if a separate NVIDIAEGPUSupport script is used.
Due to the nature of the project, including disabling System Integrity Protection in Terminal after booting in Recovery mode, it is likely that only the more adventurous and experienced macOS users will want to try running the scripts on their Mac. For other users, it is probably better to wait and see if Apple brings back support by itself, rather than go down the unofficial route.
Included in High Sierra 10.13.4, the eGPU support introduces a new menu item that shows if there is an ejectable eGPU enclosure connected or if there isn't one attached. It is also possible to connect an eGPU enclosure while the machine is running without requiring a log-out to enable it, and a more functional implementation of Clamshell mode.
Additionally, as Apple updates its software, users relying on the Nvidia eGPU support script need to wait for Nvidia to upgrade its web drivers for the cards, and possibly a script update as well to compensate for any changes.
Apple has published a list of recommended enclosures and graphics cards that will work with its eGPU facility, with the latter typically consisting of AMD video cards. Support is not limited to a specific graphics card vendor, so long as the card mostly complies with the reference specification.
Nvidia cards are notably absent from the Apple-provided list, and cannot be used without applying the third-party hack.