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050-854 exam Dumps Source : cni-netware 5.1 advanced administration
Test Code : 050-854
Test Name : cni-netware 5.1 advanced administration
Vendor Name : Novell
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Novell cni-netware 5.1 advanced administration
within the early 90s, Novell had here certifications accessible: CNA-certified Novell Administrator, CNE-certified Novell Engineer, and the ECNE-business certified Novell Engineer (the MCNE-master CNE has on account that changed the ECNE). The CNA, CNE, and MCNE are nevertheless obtainable. moreover, Novell has the CDE-licensed listing Engineer, the CNI-certified Novell teacher, and the MCNI-grasp licensed Novell instructor. Novell's CIP-certified cyber web expert certification has recently merged with Prosoft's CIW. i'll focus on the CIW alternatives in an upcoming article. additionally, because this is now not a trainer's discussion board, i can't tackle the CNI or MCNI. you probably have a question concerning the CNI or MCNI, think free to drop me an email or put up a remark, and that i will be completely happy to respond. I may also be reached at email@example.com. If enough pastime is expressed, I might be happy to address lots of the a considerable number of trainer alternate options that exist within the existing IT market, including the CNI and MCNI, in a future essay.
The CNA is the entry-degree Novell certification. The CNA is designed for these developing workstations, managing users and groups, administering a printing atmosphere, and automating network entry. it is a one-test, one-direction certification. reckoning on the operating equipment that you just assist, that you may earn the CNA in NetWare 5, IntraNetWare, and GroupWise 5. The CNA in NetWare three and GroupWise 4 should be retired at the end of 2001. if you are administering a GroupWise 5.5 environment (GroupWise is Novell's e-mail system), you can also earn the CNA.
The CNE is considered one of Novell's Premier certifications. counting on the CNE music that you just pursue, you'll take either six or seven checks. The CNE is designed for networking experts who're accountable for keeping their networks up and operating. These are the individuals charged with designing a TCP/IP internetwork and designing a directory functions implementation. There are 5 tracks that are at the moment offered, two of which might be retired at the conclusion of 2001. These tracks are NetWare 5, GroupWise 5 and IntraNetWare. (The NetWare 3 and GroupWise four tracks can be retired.) with the intention to earn the NetWare 5 CNE, you should circulate six checks: a) NetWare 5.1 Administration; b) NetWare 5.1 superior Administration; c) NetWare 5.1 Design and Implementation; d) Networking applied sciences; e) service and guide; and f) one optionally available. The electives consist of a) desktop administration with ZENworks; b) computing device management with ZENworks for pcs three; c) cyber web protection administration with BorderManager; d) community management using ManageWise 2.7; e) community management using ManageWise 2.6; f) TCP/IP for Networking authorities; g) Integrating NetWare and windows NT; or h) GroupWise 5.5 Administration. IntraNetWare and GroupWise 5.5 CNEs have one examine to absorb addition to their earlier CNE necessities: both the NetWare 5.1 advanced Administration examine or the NetWare four.eleven to NetWare 5.1 update examination. This requirement is as a result of Novell desires all legacy CNEs to improve their core abilities to the NetWare 5.1 platform.
Novell has these days introduced the necessities for the new NetWare 6 CNE tune. As of this writing, NetWare 6 CNEs may have seven assessments to move: a) eDirectory Administration with NetWare 6; b) CompTIA's network + exam; c) NetWare 6 advanced Administration; d) NDS Design and Implementation; e) provider and help; f) TCP/IP for Networking gurus; and g) computer administration for ZENworks with desktops three. Novell is additionally planning different adjustments to the CNE certification with a view to revolve across the concept of proficiency Certificates. check Novell's web web site http://www.novell.com/education/certinfo/ for developing particulars.
One question that arises as Novell exhibits the NetWare 6 CNE necessities is here: if you are already pursuing the NetWare 5 CNE, if you finish it, or for those who look ahead to the NetWare 6 song to roll out? in line with Novell's heritage, when you've got made an funding of time and funds within the NetWare 5 music, conclude it. that you may assume that both the NetWare 5 and NetWare 6 tracks can be purchasable as certification options as soon as the NetWare 6 track rolls out for a big duration. if you earn the NetWare 5 CNE, Novell's past record has shown that you're going to simply must take a single replace examination. I needed to take a single update exam when IntranetWare came out with a purpose to upgrade from NetWare 4.1 when NetWare 5.0 came out and when NetWare 5.1 rolled out. here is now not Microsoft, for which you ought to take one more seven checks to improve from NT three.51 to 4.0; then you definately should take one other seven tests if you upgrade from NT 4.0 to home windows 2000.
The MCNE is designed for these individuals who're liable for integrating NDS with the platforms of different companies. The MCNE track is undergoing an immense overhaul. as much as July 31, 2001, Novell had six tracks that ended in the MCNE. These tracks protected administration, Connectivity, Messaging, information superhighway/Intranet solutions, NetWare and UNIX Integration, and NetWare and home windows NT Integration. i was in a position to earn the MCNE in management, Connectivity, Messaging, and NT Integration. beneficial April 15, 2001, Novell streamlined the six tracks into a single MCNE music. To earn the MCNE now, candidates should have the NetWare 5 CNE and then should move 4 checks: one core requirement and three electives. The core requirement is TCP/IP for Networking specialists. The three electives can also be any three of right here: a) GroupWise 6 superior Administration; b) GroupWise 5 internet access and Connectivity version 2; c) Integrating NetWare and home windows NT; d) Integrating NDS eDirectory and lively directory; e) network administration the use of Managewise 2.7; f) information superhighway security management with BorderManager; g) desktop administration with ZENworks; h) computing device administration with ZENworks for pcs 3; or i) Managing NetScape commercial enterprise Server for NetWare. Novell additionally these days announced additional changes to the MCNE track when NetWare 6 rolls out. The adjustments will consist of two CompTIA tests. grasp CNE candidates will be required to circulate CompTIA's Server+ and IT task+ assessments. grasp CNEs upgrading from NetWare 5 could be required to pass the IT mission+ exam as a constant certification requirement. examine Novell's internet web page http://www.novell.com/training/certinfo/ for the most up-to-date counsel.
The CDE, one in every of Novell's newest certifications, is designed for superior help persons who should comprehend a way to integrate and troubleshoot directory-carrier concerns. The focus of this certification is the vigour of directory capabilities, even with the guardian platform: NetWare, UNIX, or W2K. NetWare 5 CNEs can earn the CDE through passing two exams: a) the advanced NDS equipment and Diagnostics look at various; and b) the directory applied sciences test. The advanced NDS tools and Diagnostics examine has a written and purposeful portion. Microsoft MCSEs, Cisco CCIEs and CCNPs, and IBM licensed experts can also earn the CDE. They need to circulate the two in the past mentioned exams and two further tests. those exams are: a) NDS Design and Implementation; and b) Microsoft's Designing windows 2000 listing functions or NetWare 5.1 Administration for Cisco and IBM individuals. Microsoft individuals can choose between Integrating NDS eDirectory and windows NT or the Microsoft Designing home windows 2000 directory features test. I have not yet pursued or earned the CDE. Many who have sat throughout the ILTs and corresponding checks have told me that the CDE exams are a real look at various of your capabilities and functional talents. here is one of the few Novell certifications that I do not at present hang. it is my intent to pursue it sometime this yr as a result of I accept as true with it is going to proceed to enhance my earning skills, and it'll proceed to validate my existing ability set. i'll can help you be aware of the way it goes.
January 24, 2000Web posted at: 12:eleven p.m. EST (1711 GMT)
by John Bass and James Robinson, network World examine Alliance
(IDG) -- all of it boils all the way down to what you are hunting for in a community working system (NOS).
Do you want it lean and flexible so that you can install it any approach you please? perhaps administration bells and management whistles are what you want so that you can install a few hundred servers. Or possibly you want an operating gadget that's effective adequate in order that you sleep like a child at night?
The good information is that there's a NOS waiting only for you. After the rash of contemporary utility revisions, we took an in-depth look at 4 of the primary NOSes on the market: Microsoft's windows 2000 advanced Server, Novell's NetWare 5.1, red Hat software's Linux 6.1 and The Santa Cruz Operation's (SCO) UnixWare 7.1.1. solar declined our invitation to post Solaris since the business says or not it's engaged on a brand new edition.
Microsoft's home windows 2000 edges out NetWare for the community World Blue Ribbon Award. home windows 2000 tops the container with its administration interface, server monitoring equipment, storage administration amenities and safety measures.
besides the fact that children, if or not it's efficiency you might be after, no product got here close to Novell's NetWare 5.1's numbers in our exhaustive file service and network benchmarks. With its lightning-quick engine and Novell's listing-based mostly administration, NetWare presents an excellent base for an business community.
We discovered the latest liberate of pink Hat's business Linux bundle led the listing for flexibility as a result of its modular design lets you pare down the operating equipment to go well with the task at hand. additionally, that you can create scripts out of varied Linux commands to automate initiatives across a dispensed atmosphere.
while SCO's UnixWare appeared to lag in the back of the pack when it comes to file provider performance and NOS-based administration aspects, its scalability features make it a robust candidate for working business purposes.
The numbers are in
despite the job you saddle your server with, it has to perform well at studying and writing information and sending them across the network. We designed two benchmark suites to measure every NOS in these two classes. To mirror the actual world, our benchmark exams trust a wide range of server conditions.
NetWare became the fingers-down leader in our efficiency benchmarking, taking first region in two-thirds of the file checks and incomes right billing within the network checks.
crimson Hat Linux adopted NetWare in file efficiency normal and even outpaced the leader in file exams where the study/write masses have been small. although, Linux did not operate neatly managing gigantic loads - these tests in which there were more than a hundred clients. below heavier consumer loads, Linux had an inclination to stop servicing file requests for a brief length and then start up once more.
home windows 2000 verified bad write performance across all our file exams. truly, we found that its write efficiency become about 10% of its study efficiency. After consulting with both Microsoft and client/Server options, the writer of the Benchmark manufacturing unit trying out device we used, we decided that the poor write efficiency could be due to two components. One, which we were unable to check, should be would becould very well be a possible efficiency problem with the SCSI driver for the hardware we used.
more big, although, became a controversy with our check software. Benchmark manufacturing facility sends a write-through flag in each of its write requests that is supposed to trigger the server to replace cache, if appropriate, after which force a write to disk. When the write to disk happens, the write call is released and the next request can be sent.
originally look, it regarded as if home windows 2000 changed into the simplest operating system to honor this write-via flag as a result of its write efficiency changed into so poor. for this reason, we ran a second round of write tests with the flag grew to become off.
With the flag turned off, NetWare's write efficiency accelerated with the aid of 30%. This check proved that Novell does indeed honor the write-via flag and should write to disk for each write request when that flag is determined. however when the write-through flag is disabled, NetWare writes to disk in a extra efficient manner via batching together contiguous blocks of statistics on the cache and writing all these blocks to disk directly.
Likewise, purple Hat Linux's performance increased via 10% to fifteen% when the write-via flag turned into turned off. after we examined the Samba file device code, we discovered that it too honors the write-through flag. The Samba code then finds an most excellent time during the read/write sequence to put in writing to disk.
This 2d circular of file checking out proves that windows 2000 is stylish on its file system cache to optimize write performance. The effects of the testing with the write-via flag off had been a whole lot better - as a lot as 20 instances faster. although, home windows 2000 nevertheless fell in the back of both NetWare and RedHat Linux within the file write tests when the write-through flag turned into off.
SCO honors the write-through flag by way of default, considering that its journaling file device is constructed to maximize records integrity through writing to disk for all write requests. The results in the write checks with the write-through flag on had been very corresponding to the check consequences with the write-through flag grew to become off.
For the community benchmark, we developed two tests. Our lengthy TCP transaction look at various measured the bandwidth each and every server can preserve, while our short TCP transaction check measured each server's skill to tackle huge numbers of network periods with small file transactions.
regardless of a negative showing in the file benchmark, home windows 2000 came out on appropriate in the lengthy TCP transaction examine. home windows 2000 is the only NOS with a multithreaded IP stack, which enables it to handle network requests with diverse processors. Novell and red Hat say they're working on integrating this capacity into their products.
NetWare and Linux also registered strong long TCP test results, coming in 2d and third, respectively.
in the short TCP transaction look at various, NetWare got here out the clear winner. Linux earned 2d location in spite of its lack of aid for abortive TCP closes, a way through which an operating device can immediately tear down TCP connections. Our testing application, Ganymede application's Chariot, makes use of abortive closes in its TCP checks.
moving into management
As commercial enterprise networks develop to require extra servers and help extra end clients, NOS management tools turn into essential points in maintaining networks beneath handle. We seemed on the management interfaces of each product and drilled down into how every dealt with server monitoring, client administration, file and print administration, and storage administration.
We discovered home windows 2000 and NetWare deliver equally helpful management interfaces.
Microsoft management Console (MMC) is the glue that holds lots of the windows 2000 management performance together. This configurable graphical person interface (GUI) means that you can snap in Microsoft and third-party applets that personalize its functionality. it be a two-paned interface, a lot like home windows Explorer, with a nested record on the left and selection details on the appropriate. The console is handy to make use of and allows you to configure many native server features, including users, disks, and equipment settings equivalent to time and date.
MMC also permits you to put into effect management guidelines for companies of users and computer systems the usage of active listing, Microsoft's new directory provider. From the lively listing management tool inside MMC, that you may configure users and alter policies.
The community configuration equipment are found in a separate utility that opens in case you click on on the community places icon on the computer. each and every network interface is listed inner this window. that you would be able to add and alter protocols and configure, allow and disable interfaces from right here devoid of rebooting.
NetWare presents a number of interfaces for server configuration and administration. These equipment present duplicate functionality, however each and every is effective depending from the place you are attempting to manipulate the device. The system Console offers a few tools for server configuration. one of the most effective is NWConfig, which lets you exchange delivery-up info, set up system modules and configure the storage subsystem. NWConfig is essential, intuitive and predictable.
ConsoleOne is a Java-based mostly interface with a few graphical equipment for managing and configuring NetWare. Third-birthday celebration administration equipment can plug into ConsoleOne and assist you to manage distinctive functions. We think ConsoleOne's interface is a little unsophisticated, however it works smartly adequate for those who ought to have a home windows- primarily based supervisor.
Novell also offers an internet-purchasable management software called NetWare administration Portal, which means that you can manipulate NetWare servers remotely from a browser, and NWAdmin32, a comparatively fundamental customer-aspect device for administering Novell listing functions (NDS) from a windows 95, 98 or NT customer.
pink Hat's standard methods management interface is known as LinuxConf and may run as a graphical or text-primarily based utility. The graphical interface, which resembles that of MMC, works smartly but has some design concerns that make it complex to make use of now and then. for example, in case you run a setup software that takes up lots of the screen, the gadget resizes the application higher than the laptop measurement.
still, that you can manage fairly lots anything else on the server from LinuxConf, and you may use it in the community or remotely over the web or via telnet. that you would be able to configure system parameters corresponding to community addresses; file gadget settings and user debts; and install add-on services comparable to Samba - which is a provider that lets home windows purchasers get to info living on a Linux server - and FTP and web servers. that you can observe alterations without rebooting the system.
average, crimson Hat's interface is effective and the underlying tools are potent and versatile, but LinuxConf lacks the polish of the different providers' tools.
SCO Admin is a GUI-based entrance end for approximately 50 SCO UnixWare configuration and administration equipment in a single window. for those who click on on a device, it brings up the software to manipulate that merchandise in a separate window.
some of SCO's equipment are GUI-primarily based while others are textual content-primarily based. The server required a reboot to apply many of the alterations. On the plus facet, you could control numerous UnixWare servers from SCOAdmin.
SCO additionally presents a helpful Java-based mostly far flung administration tool known as WebTop that works from your browser.
a watch on the servers and customers
One important administration assignment is monitoring the server itself. Microsoft leads the pack in how well you can retain a watch on your server's internals.
The windows 2000 gadget video display means that you can view a true-time, running graph of device operations, comparable to CPU and network utilization, and memory and disk utilization. We used these tools appreciably to assess the effect of our benchmark assessments on the operating device. yet another tool referred to as community video display has a fundamental network packet analyzer that permits you to see the kinds of packets coming into the server. together, these Microsoft utilities can be used to examine performance and potential across dissimilar home windows 2000 servers.
NetWare's video display utility displays processor utilization, memory utilization and buffer utilization on a local server. in case you recognize what to search for, it can also be an impressive tool for diagnosing bottlenecks within the gadget. getting to know the meaning of each and every of the monitored parameters is a bit of a problem, even though.
if you are looking to examine performance records throughout dissimilar servers, you can faucet into Novell's net management Portal.
pink Hat presents the usual Linux command-line tools for monitoring the server, such as iostat and vmstat. It has no graphical monitoring equipment.
as with any Unix working gadget, you could write scripts to automate these equipment throughout Linux servers. although, these tools are typically cryptic and require a high level of skillability to use quite simply. a set of graphical monitoring equipment could be a very good addition to red Hat's Linux distribution.
UnixWare also offers a number of monitoring equipment. device monitor is UnixWare's standard but constrained GUI for monitoring processor and memory utilization. The sar and rtpm command-line equipment collectively listing actual-time equipment utilization of buffer, CPUs and disks. together, these equipment provide you with a very good normal thought of the burden on the server.
together with managing the server, you have to manipulate its clients. it's no surprise that the two NOSes that ship with an integrated directory provider topped the field in customer administration equipment.
We had been able to configure consumer permissions via Microsoft's active directory and the directory administration tool in MMC. that you could neighborhood users and computers into organizational instruments and practice guidelines to them.
which you could manipulate Novell's NDS and NetWare customers with ConsoleOne, NWAdmin or NetWare administration Portal. each can create users, manage file space, and set permissions and rights. additionally, NetWare ships with a five-user edition of Novell's ZENworks device, which presents desktop administration functions reminiscent of hardware and software inventory, utility distribution and remote handle services.
pink Hat Linux doesn't offer lots within the approach of customer administration facets. You should control local users through Unix permission configuration mechanisms.
UnixWare is akin to pink Hat Linux when it comes to client administration, however SCO provides some windows binaries on the server to remotely set file and directory permissions from a home windows customer, in addition to create and change users and their settings. SCO and red Hat offer help for the Unix-based network counsel carrier (NIS). NIS is a save for network counsel like logon names, passwords and home directories. This integration helps with client administration.
coping with the staples: File and print
A NOS is nothing devoid of the potential to share file storage and printers. Novell and Microsoft amassed proper honors in these areas.
which you can quite simply add and keep printers in windows 2000 the usage of the print administration wizard, and you can add file shares the use of energetic directory administration equipment. home windows 2000 additionally presents disbursed File features, which permit you to combine info on more than one server right into a single share.
Novell allotted Print features (NDPS) allow you to promptly contain printers into the community. When NDPS senses a brand new printer on the community, it defines a Printer Agent that runs on the printer and communicates with NDS. you then use NDS to define the guidelines for the brand new printer.
You define NetWare file functions by way of growing after which mounting a disk volume, which also manages volume policies.
red Hat includes Linux's printtool utility for developing server-connected and networks printers. that you may additionally use this GUI to create printcap entries to define printer access.
Linux has a set of command-line file gadget configuration tools for mounting and unmounting partitions. Samba ships with the product and offers some integration for windows shoppers. you can configure Samba handiest through a cryptic configuration ASCII file - a significant disadvantage.
UnixWare offers a versatile GUI-based printer setup device known as Printer SetUp supervisor. For file and quantity management, SCO presents a device referred to as VisionFS for interoperability with windows consumers. We used VisionFS to allow our NT shoppers to access the UnixWare server. This provider become convenient to configure and use.
home windows 2000 provides the most beneficial equipment for storage administration. Its graphical control Disks tool for local disk configuration comprises application RAID management; that you may dynamically add disks to a extent set with no need to reboot the system. moreover, a signature is written to each of the disks in an array so that they can also be moved to a further 2000 server without having to configure the quantity on the brand new server. the new server recognizes the drives as participants of a RAID set and provides the volume to the file system dynamically.
NetWare's extent management tool, NWConfig, is easy to make use of, nonetheless it will also be a bit confusing to installation a RAID volume. as soon as we knew what we had been doing, we had no complications formatting drives and making a RAID quantity. The tool looks a little primitive, however we give it high marks for functionality and ease of use.
purple Hat Linux offers no graphical RAID configuration equipment, however its command line equipment made RAID configuration effortless.
To configure disks on the UnixWare server, we used the Veritas quantity supervisor graphical disk and extent administration tool that ships with UnixWare. We had some complications at the start getting the device to respect the drives so that they may be formatted. We managed to work around the disk configuration difficulty using an assortment of command line equipment, after which extent manager labored neatly.
whereas we did not probe these NOSes considerably to expose any security weaknesses, we did examine what they offered in security aspects.
Microsoft has made gigantic strides with home windows 2000 protection. home windows 2000 supports Kerberos public key certificates as its primary authentication mechanism inside a website, and makes it possible for extra authentication with wise cards. Microsoft provides a safety Configuration device that integrates with MMC for effortless administration of security objects in the lively listing capabilities gadget, and a new Encrypting File equipment that allows you to designate volumes on which information are automatically kept the use of encryption.
Novell brought guide for a public-key infrastructure into NetWare 5 the usage of a public certificate schema developed by means of RSA security that permits you to faucet into NDS to generate certificates.
crimson Hat presents a fundamental Kerberos authentication mechanism. With pink Hat Linux, as with most Unix working techniques, the network features will also be personally managed to raise security. pink Hat presents Pluggable Authentication Modules as a way of enabling you to set authentication guidelines across courses working on the server. Passwords are blanketed with a shadow file. purple Hat also bundles firewall and VPN capabilities.
UnixWare has a set of security tools called safety manager that means that you can set up various degrees of intrusion insurance policy throughout your network features, from no restriction to turning all network capabilities off. it's a great management time saver, though you could manually alter the services to achieve the equal outcomes.
balance and fault tolerance
the most feature-prosperous NOS is of little value if it cannot preserve a server up and operating. home windows 2000 offers application RAID 0, 1 and 5 configurations to deliver fault tolerance for onboard disk drives, and has a built-in network load-balancing characteristic that permits a group of servers to look like one server and share the same community identify and IP address. The group decides which server will service each and every request. This no longer simplest distributes the network load throughout a number of servers, it also gives fault tolerance in case a server goes down. On a lesser scale, you could use Microsoft's Failover Clustering to deliver basic failover features between two servers.
As with NT 4.0, windows 2000 provides reminiscence coverage, which ability that each process runs in its own segment.
There are additionally backup and fix capabilities bundled with home windows 2000.
Novell has an add-on product for NetWare called Novell Cluster services that means that you can cluster as many as eight servers, all managed from one place the usage of ConsoleOne, NetWare administration Portal or NWAdmin32. however Novell presently presents no clustering products to give load balancing for functions or file features. NetWare has an intricate memory protection scheme to segregate the memory used for the kernel and functions, and a Storage administration features module to give a enormously bendy backup and restore facility. Backups may also be all-inclusive, cover components of a volume or save a differential image.
red Hat gives a load-balancing product called piranha with its Linux. This equipment provides TCP load balancing between servers in a cluster. There isn't any complicated restrict to the number of servers that you may configure in a cluster. red Hat Linux also offers application RAID support via command line tools, has memory insurance policy capabilities and gives a rudimentary backup facility.
SCO offers an non-compulsory function to cluster several servers in a load-balancing atmosphere with continuous Clustering for a high stage of fault-tolerance. presently, non-stop Clustering helps six servers in a cluster. UnixWare gives software RAID support this is managed using SCO's online statistics supervisor feature. all the typical RAID stages are supported. desktop acquaintances' bundled ArcServeIT 6.6 offers backup and restore capabilities. UnixWare has reminiscence insurance policy capabilities.
as a result of our trying out was conducted earlier than home windows 2000's widespread availability ship date, we had been no longer able to evaluate its hard-copy documentation. The on-line documentation offered on a CD is extensive, effective and smartly-equipped, despite the fact an internet interface can be an awful lot less demanding to use if it gave greater than a couple of sentences at a time for a specific assist theme.
NetWare 5 comes with two manuals: an in depth manual for installing and configuring the NOS with first rate explanations of concepts and contours together with an outline of the way to configure them, and a small spiral-sure booklet of short beginning cards. Novell's on-line documentation is awfully valuable.
red Hat Linux comes with three manuals - an installation ebook, a getting all started e-book and a reference manual - all of which can be handy to comply with.
regardless of being the most intricate product to set up, UnixWare offers the most suitable documentation. It comes with two manuals: a device instruction manual and a getting all started e-book. The device handbook is a reference for conducting the installing of the operating equipment. It does a pretty good job of reflecting this painful adventure. The getting all started book is smartly-written and well-prepared. It covers lots of the tools necessary to configure and hold the working equipment. SCO's online documentation looks great and is effortless to follow.
The base line is that these NOSes present a wide array of features and provide commercial enterprise consumers with a superb deal of choice related to how each will also be used in any given company network.
in case you need an excellent, normal goal NOS that may carry commercial enterprise-type services with all the bells and whistles imaginable, then windows 2000 is the strongest contender. despite the fact, for top performance, business file and print features, our assessments reveal that Novell leads the pack. when you are inclined to pay a better expense for scalability and reliability, SCO UnixWare would be a safe wager. but when you want a reasonable option so that you can provide you with bare-bones network services with decent performance, pink Hat Linux can definitely healthy the bill.
The choice is yours.
Bass is the technical director and Robinson is a senior technical team of workers member at Centennial Networking Labs (CNL) at North Carolina State school in Raleigh. CNL specializes in efficiency, skill and features of networking and server technologies and device.
Debate will focus on Linux vs. LinuxJanuary 20, 2000Some windows 2000 PCs will start the gunJanuary 19, 2000IBM throws Linux lovefestJanuary 19, 2000Corel Linux will run windows appsJanuary 10, 2000Novell's eDirectory spans platformsNovember 16, 1999New NetWare embraces web appsNovember 2, 1999Microsoft units a date for windows 2000October 28, 1999
linked IDG.internet studies:
Fusion's discussion board: square off with the carriers over who has the most excellent NOS(community World Fusion)How we did it: particulars of the checking out(network World Fusion)find out the tuning parameters(network World Fusion)download the Config info(network World Fusion)The Shootout results(network World Fusion)Fusion's NOS materials(community World Fusion)With home windows 2000, NT grows up(community World Fusion)Fireworks anticipated at NOS showdown(community World Fusion)
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Novell, Inc.Microsoft Corp.The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc. (SCO)purple Hat, Inc.
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what is the Password?
uninterested in resetting passwords? These 4 self-service solutions enable users to do it for themselves.
by using Chad Todd
April 01, 2003
we all use login IDs and passwords and—at one time or a further—we overlook them. occasionally, we don’t comprehend we’ve forgotten them unless after we’ve locked out our account. So what’s the method of getting passwords reset and debts unlocked in your corporation? For the regular consumer, it contains calling the help desk and making a formal request. This isn’t always a nasty factor, but it hits the base line in two methods: productivity and security.
First, locked-out users are unproductive unless their bills are restored. this may imply ready on the cell for 20 minutes or longer for assist. additionally, a aid desk that spends most of its time resetting passwords and unlocking accounts isn’t productive. by way of casting off the accountability for password management, most help desks can cut back their call quantity.
2nd, when clients comprehend that getting their passwords reset and synchronized is a hassle, they might also prefer basic passwords they aren’t more likely to neglect or choose the same password for diverse debts. yet another ordinary difficulty is that clients may write their passwords down on a sticky word and conceal it under their keyboard or mouse pad to stay away from having to name the assist desk. At worst, users may also log in with somebody else’s identification.
Some administrators flinch on the thought of users managing their personal money owed. If that’s the case with you, then examine on. this text evaluates a number of application options that might also make password resetting self-provider more reassuring.
Most self-provider password application works off the equal premise. clients log onto a kiosk computing device and use a web interface to free up their accounts. The kiosk has a consumer identify and password that’s convenient to be aware, and the kiosk is locked down so simplest the internet utility used to manipulate accounts can launch. From right here, clients can restore locked-out bills and alter their passwords for any assigned bills. afterward, the net web page shows a document allowing them to comprehend the reputation of their requests.
When having access to the net page, users enter their account identify and area identify (or other requested identification). clients must be authenticated to show it’s their account they’re trying to control. There are customarily three authentication strategies used:
Password authentication makes use of a separate password for logging into the self-service utility. This password can be the identical because the person’s other passwords. The issue with this is that it nevertheless leaves the chance of the user forgetting his or her password.
Third-birthday party authentication capability a product apart from the password software intercepts users’ requests after which authenticates them. It then passes this authentication suggestions to the utility, which doesn’t authenticate the consumer once more.
i like to recommend challenge/response authentication. This provides better safety and keeps clients from calling the assist desk as a result of they forgot their self-provider password. challenge/response works through asking the consumer a sequence of random, preconfigured questions. no longer the entire questions are used every time. Answering these questions as it should be logs them in.
before users can begin the usage of self-provider password software, they ought to be enrolled. Enrollment is the manner of configuring users to determine their id in order to manipulate their passwords. which you can sign up users manually or users can join themselves. manual enrollment requires an administrator to reply questions for every consumer. With self-enrollment, clients register themselves through answering a sequence of questions. items in this evaluation guide each guide and self-enrollment.
There are several issues to agree with when evaluating self-carrier password utility. You need to seem to be comfy of use. If users can’t be aware a product, they gained’t use it. The platforms supported via the product are also essential. in case you only need to guide home windows accounts, you've got many alternate options. if you deserve to support PeopleSoft and Oracle as neatly, that narrows down the checklist. The answer you buy ought to work with all of the required structures, otherwise you defeat the purpose of the software.
moreover, of path, you must trust can charge. If the product you’re taking a look at doesn’t fit into your budget, there’s no use due to the fact it. You ought to additionally look at the setting up system. If the product takes three people months to get it installed and dealing for your atmosphere, you need to determine that into your cost. also, you ought to trust if it’s complex to deploy, it’ll probably be complex to assist. in case you’ve selected the usage of one authentication system over a different, that have to even be evaluated.
control-SA/PassPortPricing (including commercial enterprise security Station) for 1,000 users managing 5 IDs each, $29,600.BMC Software713-918-2950www.bmc.com
Password Station.NET100 to 999 users, $15 per person; over 1,000 users, $12.50 per person.Avatier Corp.925-217-5170www.avatier.com
ExMS Password Reset ManagerStarts at $7 per user; high-volume discounts.Discus records Solutions212-279-9090www.discusdata.com
SecurPass-ResetStarts at $15 per person; excessive-volume discounts.Proginet Corp.516-248-2000www.proginet.com
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Different patterns of response are associated with the dosages of immunosuppressants used to manage the adverse effects of immunotherapies, said Michael A. Postow, MD, at the International Congress on Immunotherapies in Cancer™.1
Postow, a medical oncologist with Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK) Cancer Center in New York, New York, discussed interpretive strategies and solutions for toxicity problems that commonly occur with immunotherapies. High dose (HD) and low dose (LD) steroids may may not yield inferior outcomes to avoiding use of steroids; however, there is a trend toward better outcomes based on using smaller doses of steroids rather than larger ones, Postow said.
A study of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) in patients with melanoma treated with ipilimumab (Yervoy) at MSK found that patients treated with steroids for management of irAEs had equivalent or slightly improved time to treatment failure (TTF) versus those who did not receive immunosuppressants, Postow said. Of 298 patients, 103 (35%) required corticosteroid treatment for an irAE, the majority of them (n = 78) for grade ≥3 irAEs. The major reasons for corticosteroids were diarrhea (n = 50), hepatitis (n = 22), dermatitis (n = 21), and endocrinopathies (n = 14).
Median overall survival (OS) for the full study population was 16.5 months (95% CI, 12.6-21.1) and the estimated median TTF was 5.7 months (95% CI, 5.1-6.4). In an assessment of the effect of irAEs on OS and TTF, investigators found no difference in either measure when patients were stratified by the presence or absence of irAEs of any grade or by the administration of systemic corticosteroids to treat an irAE.2
Postow also noted a retrospective analysis of nivolumab (Opdivo) monotherapy in patients with advanced melanoma, designed to assess the safety profile of the agent and the management of irAEs. This found that use of immune modulators did not result in significantly different overall response rates: 29.8% (95% CI, 21.6%-39.1%) for those receiving corticosteroids (n = 114) versus 31.8% (95% CI, 27.6%-36.3%) for those who did not (n = 462).3
However, he said, a retrospective study evaluating HD steroids versus LD steroids in the treatment of ipilimumab-induced hypophysitis did find distinct survival patterns relative to the levels of dosage used. Among 98 patients with melanoma with ipilimumab-induced hypophysitis, OS and TTF were significantly longer in the LD group compared with the HD group. Median OS and TTF were not reached in the LD group and were 23.3 and 11.4 months, respectively, in the HD group. HD was identified as any dose larger than 7.5 mg daily of prednisone (Table).4
Investigators also found that all patients who had hypophysitis had superior OS compared with those who did not have hypophysitis (median OS, 28.2 vs 9.5 months; P = .0003). In addition, radiologic and endocrinologic outcomes and symptom resolution were not different between the LD and HD groups.4
The study was a helpful start in addressing the question of whether patients would do better if you didn’t treat their irAEs with immunosuppressants, a question that’s inherently difficult to resolve because patients often receive immunosuppression for adverse events, Postow said.
No result found, try new keyword!For instance, in September 2018, Sanofi received approval for Libyato for the treatment of patients with metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) or locally advanced CSCC ... and Line of Th...
Completing a trade deal in February was already seen as a longshot by some analysts, although the reason the two leaders won't meet by March 1 is a busy calendar for Trump, who will meet North Korea's leader, Kim Jong Un, on Feb. 27-28 in Vietnam to discuss denuclearization. The important summit might provide an acceptable reason for Trump to delay a 15% increase in U.S. tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese imports to 25% on March 2. Cabinet-level officials from the United States will meet with their Chinese counterpart in Beijing next week to continue negotiations.
U.S. supply data and declining production by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries also directed trading, with climbing commercial crude supply in the United States pressuring WTI futures while OPEC cuts in January boosted Brent.
The Energy Information Administration on Wednesday reported a 0.5 day increase in days of forward commercial crude supply to 26.6 days as of Feb. 1, a 10-week high while matching the five-year average. The building inventory comes as refiners begin idling units for seasonal turnarounds, lending upside support for oil products.
NYMEX March WTI futures eked out a $0.08 gain to $52.72 bbl, while down $2.54 from prior Friday. ICE April Brent crude gained $0.47 to a $62.10 bbl settlement while down $0.65 on the week. Brent's premium to WTI widened $1.89 or 25.2% to a 7-1/2 week high at $9.38 bbl this week. The contango at the front end of the Brent curve was also erased late this week, implying a tightening global oil market.
NYMEX March RBOB futures led Friday's gains, and edged higher since prior Friday, settling up 2.06cts at $1.4464 gallon while 0.95cts higher on the week.
Gasoline stocks, while still a sizable 12.426 million bbl above year ago stocks at 257.9 million bbl, has seen the inventory overhang narrow over the past two weeks while implied demand so far in 2019 has outpaced the comparable year-ago period by 118,000 bpd or 1.3% at 8.99 million bpd though Feb. 1.
NYMEX March ULSD futures settled up 0.8cts at $1.9085 gallon while slipping 0.42cts in value against prior Friday. Days of forward distillate supply tumbled by 3.9 days to 31.0 days during the week ended Feb. 1 -- 2.7 days less than a year ago.
U.S. sanctions on Venezuela's PDVSA seen limiting heavy crude imports to U.S. Gulf Coast refineries that need the heavy grade could cut run rates and diminish output of the middle of the barrel oil product in the short term.
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